50+ Hydrology and Water Resource Engineering mcq questions

Q. 1. delta of crop is depth of
A : water supplied daily
B : water supplied hourly
C : water supplied per minute
D : Total depth of water required by crop till it maturity

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Total depth of water required by crop till it maturity

Q. 2. Isohyte line indicates
A : equal elevation
B : equal rainfall
C : eaqual temperature
D : equal pressure

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equal rainfall

Q. 3. Number of base flow seperation method are
A : 5
Max Marks : 50
B : 4
C : 2
D : 3

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3

Q. 4. Aquitard means
A : accelerates water flow
B : restricts the flow of groundwater from one aquifer to another.
C : comletely stops flow
D : bears high velocity flowing water

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restricts the flow of groundwater from one aquifer to another.

Q. 5. French drain or weeping tile is a trench
A : used in france
B : filled with gravel or rock or containing a perforated pipe that redirects surface water and
groundwater away
C : used in america
D : used in Aurangabad

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filled with gravel or rock or containing a perforated pipe that redirects surface water and groundwater away

Q. 6. Darcy‘s law states that
A : discharce is decresing with rainfall
B : discharge is proportional to the hydraulic gradient and hydraulic conductivity
C : discharge is proportional to hydraulic conductivity
D : discharge is proportional to gravity

discharge is proportional to the hydraulic gradient and hydraulic conductivity

Q. 7. Pumping out test is
A : easier
B : best
C : good
D : cumbersome and uneconomical

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cumbersome and uneconomical

Q. 8. storage reservoirs are intended to accumulate a
A : part of the flood flow for use during the flood months.
B : part of the flood flow of the river for use during the non-flood months.
C : part of the flood flow for use during the flood weeks
D : part of the flood flow for use after the flood months

part of the flood flow of the river for use during the non-flood months.

Q. 9. reservoir operation uses
A : UPPER RULE CURVES
B : upper and lower rule curves for release of water from the reservoir to D/S demands (long-term)
C : LOWER RULE CURVES
D : AVERAGE CURVES

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upper and lower rule curves for release of water from the reservoir to D/S demands (long-term)

Q. 10. ADCP means
A : Acoustic dew Current Protien
B : All dew Current Profiler
C : Acoustic dew Current Profiler
D : Acoustic Doppler Current Profiler

Acoustic Doppler Current Profiler

Q. 11. Investigation required in planning reservoir
A : quality of bricks
B : Topographical, geological, ground water condition, permeability
C : quality of sand
D : quality of water

Topographical, geological, ground water condition, permeability

Q. 12. COOPERATIVE WATER DISTRIBUTION IS FOR
A : EMPOWERING GOVERNMENT
B : EQUITABLE DISTRIBUTION OF WATER TO FARMERS
C : DISTRIBUTION OF LAND
D : TO RESOLVE COURT MATTERS OF VILLAGE

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EQUITABLE DISTRIBUTION OF WATER TO FARMERS

Q. 13. HYDROPOWER PLANT IS MAINLY FOR
A : ELCTRICITY GENERATION
B : REVENUE GENERATION
C : AGRICULTURAL IRRIGATION
D : FLOOD CONTROL

ELCTRICITY GENERATION

Q. 14. Warabandi is a
A : urdu term
B : english term
C : marathi term
D : hindi term

(urdu term

Q. 15. Aquifer means
A : water bearing strata
B : petrol bearing strata
C : soil bearing strata
D : oil bearing strata

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water bearing strata

Q. 16. A mass diagram is the
A : plot of evaporation vs time
B : plot of accumulated inflow (i.e. supply) or outflow (i.e. demand) versus time.
C : plot of humidity vs time
D : plot of temperature vs time

plot of accumulated inflow (i.e. supply) or outflow (i.e. demand) versus time.

Q. 17. Aquiclude means
A : comletely stops flow
B : restricts the flow of groundwater from one aquifer to another.
C : accelerates water flow
D : bears high velocity flowing water

comletely stops flow

Q. 18. overlap is require for
A : sugarcane
B : bajra
C : Jawar
D : cotton

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sugarcane

Q. 19. rational method was developed by
A : Kuichling
B : newton
C : faraday
D : bernauli

Kuichling

Q. 20. Unit hydrograph is a direct runoff hydrograph
A : resulting from 2 cm constant intensity uniform rainfall
B : resulting from 1 cm constant intensity uniform rainfall occurring on entire watershed.
C : resulting from 3 cm constant intensity uniform rainfall
D : resulting from 6 cm constant intensity uniform rainfall

resulting from 1 cm constant intensity uniform rainfall occurring on entire watershed.

Q. 21. Radar raingauge can measure
A : intensity, location, areal extent and movement of storm
B : only location rain
C : only movement of rain
D : only intensity of rain

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intensity, location, areal extent and movement of storm

Q. 22. Peak of hydrograph
A : represents lowest runoff
B : represents the highest concentration of runoff from the watershed.
C : represents average runoff
D : represents normal runoff

represents the highest concentration of runoff from the watershed.

Q. 23. life of reservoir means the period during which
A : reservoir capable of spilling water over spillway
B : whole/ specified fraction of its total or active capacity is lost due to silt.
C : reservoir capable of spilling water into valleys
D : reservoir capable of spilling water into river

whole/ specified fraction of its total or active capacity is lost due to silt.

Q. 24. rational method was developed in the year
A : 1889
B : 1821
C : 1800
D : 1820

1889

Q. 25. A flood control reservoir
A : CONTROLS THE FLOOD PEAK
B : DOES NOT CONTROL PEAKS IN DISCARGE
C : INCRESES PEAKS OF FLOOD GRAPHS
D : DOES NOT MITEGATE FLOOD

CONTROLS THE FLOOD PEAK

Q. 26. Factors affecting flood hydrograph
A : temperature, humidity, soil type
B : Shape, Topography, relief, Storms, Snowfall, Vegetation and Rock
C : temperature, humidity, soil type, rock type
D : temperature, humidity, soil type, wind speed

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Shape, Topography, relief, Storms, Snowfall, Vegetation and Rock

Q. 27. Water rotation is
A : rotating water
B : order of crop watering designed for equitable distribution of irrigation water.
C : whirling of water
D : circulating water

order of crop watering designed for equitable distribution of irrigation water.

Q. 28. SYMON’S RAINGUAGE IS
A : ELECTRONIC
B : AUTOMATIC
C : Non-Recording
D : COMPUTERIZED

COMPUTERIZED

Q. 29. Kharif season means
A : summer season
B : winter season
C : rainy and winter season
D : Rainy season only

Rainy season only

Q. 30. Current meters are used to measure
A : water temperarture
B : water velocity
C : water turbidity
D : water pressure

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water velocity

Q. 31. Recuperation test on well is for
A : knowing the yield from well
B : knowing water depth
C : knowing silt in the well
D : knowing turbidity

knowing the yield from well

Q. 32. PAP
A : Project affected people
B : pune area population
C : police and public
D : power association of pune

Project affected people

Q. 33. Autoweather station record
A : uses symons guage
B : meteorological data automatically
C : stream guage
D : tipping bucket

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meteorological data automatically

Q. 34. MAJOR LOSSESS OF RESERVOIR
A : LOSS OF LAND
B : SEEPAGE AND EVAPORATION
C : LOSS OF FOREST
D : LOSS OF REVENUE

SEEPAGE AND EVAPORATION

Q. 35. Storage reservoir IS
A : RESERVOIR DETAINING WATER
B : A reservoir having gates and valves installation at its spillway and at its sluice outlets
C : RESERVOIR SPILLING WATER
D : SILTING RESEVOIR

A reservoir having gates and valves installation at its spillway and at its sluice outlets

Q. 36. This is not type of irrigation
A : irrigation by canal automation
B : surface flooding type
C : basin method
D : testing and tilling

testing and tilling

Q. 37. Floating type Recording Rainguage is also called as
A : Syphonic
B : ELECTRONIC
C : Instrumental
D : COMPUTERIZED

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Syphonic

Q. 38. Hytograph is plot of
A : intensity of rainfall vs time
B : intensity of pressure vs time
C : intensity of temperature vs time
D : intensity of wind vs time

intensity of rainfall vs time

Q. 39. dependable yield, corresponds to
A : average of past available data
B : given dependability % p, determined from the past available data ( last 35 years or so)
C : average of forecated data
D : wind data

given dependability % p, determined from the past available data ( last 35 years or so)

Q. 40. PIM
A : PRIMARY INTEGRATION MANAGEMENT
B : PARTICIPATARY IRRIGATION MANAGEMENT
C : POLICE INTEGRATION FOR MAHARASHTRA
D : POWER IMPLANT MANAGEMENT

PARTICIPATARY IRRIGATION MANAGEMENT

Q. 41. Rabbi season means
A : winter season
B : summer season
C : Rainy season
D : rainy and winter season

winter season

Q. 42. delta of crop depends on
A : base period and duty
B : only base period
C : only duty
D : type of bullocks

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base period and duty

Q. 43. Gumbels method
A : models the variations in distribution
B : models the distribution of the maximum (or the minimum) of a number of various distributions.
C : calculates average value
D : correlation of values

models the distribution of the maximum (or the minimum) of a number of various distributions.

Q. 44. Design flood is the value of the instantaneous
A : peak discharge used for the design of a particular project
B : peak discharge used for the design of any project
C : peak discharge used for the design of all project
D : lowest discharge used for the design of all project

peak discharge used for the design of a particular project

Q. 45. Perched aquifer is
A : saucer shaped hard rock retaining water at elevations
B : aquare shaped hard rock retaining water at elevations
C : rectangular shaped hard rock retaining water at elevations
D : teringular shaped hard rock retaining water at elevations

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saucer shaped hard rock retaining water at elevations

Q. 46. rational method was developed
A : estimating a design discharge from a large watershed
B : estimating a design discharge from a small watershed
C : estimating a design discharge from medium watershed
D : estimating a designvelocity from medium watershed

estimating a design discharge from a small watershed

Q. 47. warabandi means
A : water distribution turn fixation
B : water revenue fixation
C : area fixation
D : land fixation

water distribution turn fixation

Q. 48. GWP
A : GWALIOR WATER PARTNERSHIP
B : GLOBAL WATER PARTNERSHIP
C : GOA WATER PARTY
D : GUHAHATI WATER PARTY

GLOBAL WATER PARTNERSHIP

Q. 49. Tile drains are employed for
A : surface drainage
B : sub-ssurface drainage
C : valley drainage
D : ridge drainage

sub-ssurface drainage

Q. 50. Components of Hydrograph
A : rising and falling limb
B : Rising Limb, Peak (or Crest) Segment and Falling (or Recession) Limb.
C : rising and crest
D : falling limb and crest

Rising Limb, Peak (or Crest) Segment and Falling (or Recession) Limb.

Q. 51. Snyder’s developed
A : plastic hydrograph
B : Elastic hydrograph
C : Ductile hydrograph
D : synthetic unit hydrograph

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synthetic unit hydrograph

Q. 52. Alternative Justifiable Expenditure approach is
A : uses the any cost to construct a project meeting same objective.
B : uses the alternative cost to construct a project which meets the same objective.
C : uses cost to construct a project
D : uses cvariable ost to construct a project

uses the alternative cost to construct a project which meets the same objective.

Q. 53. specific yield of well is
A : volume of water released / unit decline of the water table
B : volume of water released / per unit surface area / unit decline of the water table
C : volume of water released / per unit surface area
D : volume of water released / per unit time

volume of water released / per unit surface area / unit decline of the water table

Q. 54. Field capacity means
A : water flowing horizontally
B : water in vertical direction
C : water held by soil against gravity
D : water along gravity

water held by soil against gravity

Q. 55. Hydrology is a science of
A : water ocuurence
B : water circulation
C : water distribution
D : Water occurrence, circulation and distribution

Water occurrence, circulation and distribution

Q. 56. water logging
A : increases food production
B : reduces fertility of soil
C : due to poor soil
D : due loss of electricity

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reduces fertility of soil

Q. 57. saline land is outcome of
A : water loged area
B : rotation of water
C : rotation of crops
D : rotation of wind

water loged area

Q. 58. Retarding reservoir
A : GATED RESRVOIR
B : A reservoir with uncontrolled and ungated outlets is known as a retarding basin
C : SILTING RESERVOIR
D : SSSSSTORING RESERVOIR

A reservoir with uncontrolled and ungated outlets is known as a retarding basin

Q. 59. one of methods of canal revenue collection is
A : betterment levy basis , crop basis, volumetric & seasonal
B : baed on approximation of crop
C : rough estimation of water
D : daily collection

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betterment levy basis , crop basis, volumetric & seasonal

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